Gastritis is the inflammation of the gastric mucosa, i.e. the layer that covers the stomach from the inside and contacts food. It is a disease that is often seen, especially in the elderly.
More often, it is observed in the chronic form. Compared to an ulcer, there is a more superficial damage, but it can also penetrate deeper into the cell layers of the stomach. It is mostly formed by a bacterial infection and this means that it can be cured with a good course of antibiotics. Although it is often seen in most cases, a long time passes without giving any signs.
The main cause is a chronic infection caused by Helicobacter Pylori bacteria. It is a very popular battery all over the world. Secondly, the way and type of eating affect the formation of gastritis. Bad food and alcohol damage the stomach lining. Also, the use of tobacco increases the acidity of the stomach by stimulating the stomach nerve. Stress is another factor in gastritis. So anything that causes an increase in stomach acidity can also cause gastritis. There are also some drugs that can cause gastritis, among them aspirin or sedatives that are used against various pains or in rheumatic diseases. Also, even during various diseases such as kidney or liver failure, gastritis can form.
Gastritis is divided into acute and chronic. Chronic gastritis usually has no symptoms or its symptoms are superficial. The inflammation in the stomach has lasted for a long time. It can cause vomiting, upper abdominal pain, nausea (stomach upset), yawning, loss of appetite and bloating. Acute gastritis causes burning in the stomach and pain. When the patient has not eaten, the pain increases. Stomach upset and vomiting also appear here. The drugs we talked about above or alcohol can cause ulcers in the stomach and this causes bleeding. Blood mixed with stomach acidity may appear dark in color during vomiting.
You should go to a gastroenterologist. Even just the patient’s words and complaint can be enough for diagnosis. Especially in young people, they try to reduce the acidity of the stomach with the help of medicines. In older people (> 40 years old, but occasionally also in young people) the diagnosis should be made by means of endoscopy (probe). If necessary, a sample should also be taken from the patient’s mucosa. The probe is easy to perform and the patient does not feel pain.
First, we must say that gastritis must be cured. If bacterial infection is not among its causes, medicines to reduce acidity or prevent its formation will be enough. These drugs are accompanied by diet. If you smoke cigarettes or alcohol, you should stop. Do not use aspirin or pain relievers without asking your doctor. Paracetamol does no harm. If the cause is the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori, then antibiotic treatment is necessary.
Some tips for stomach ailments
- Doctors are of the opinion that it is better to eat little and often.
- Do not eat before going to bed as continuing to work at night tires the stomach.
- Eat at least 3-4 hours before sleep.
- Eat with small bites to chew and digest better.
- Do not eat while standing or quickly.
- Do not eat very hot or very cold foods.
- Do not lie down immediately after eating.
- Do not do gymnastic exercises after eating.
- Foods with caffeine (coffee, cola, tea) are not good for you.
- Dilute foods or drinks with acidity (eg orange juice) with water.
- Do not use alcohol or cigarettes.
- Do not use fried.
- Don’t use too much onion.
- Don’t use too much chocolate.