The Tanzimat Decree

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On November 3, 1839, the Tanzimat Decree was announced.

At the time of Sultan Abdulmejid, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mustafa Reshit Pasha, read the Ferman of the Tanzimat in Gülhane, in front of Ottoman ministers, state employees, Muslim, Christian and Jewish clerics, ambassadors who were in Istanbul and merchant representatives. For this reason, this farm was also called “Gülhane Hatt-ı Hümâyun” (Sultan Farm of the Rose Park). The decision to launch the Tanzimat Reforms was a necessity of the dynamics and developments in the international arena and within the Ottoman Empire.

These reforms aimed at the centralization of the state system, the recovery and development of the state. In the farm, emphasis was placed on equality before the law and that the security of life, property and honor was protected by law. These reforms, which included the military system, the justice system and the administrative system, prepared the ground for radical changes in the way of thinking and conceptualizing life for the Ottoman society.

In our archive there are Ottoman documents, which describe the decisions on the implementation of centralizing reforms, the reaction of local leaders, who lost their privileges, uprisings, etc.
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