The measures that are taken to prevent colitis and the nutritional regime that must be followed
Colitis is a disease from which a third of Albanians suffer, although very few know how to self-cure this disease. Many of the patients who suffer from colitis undergo a long-term therapy with drugs and a strict diet, but without any significant improvement.
This very serious and quite disturbing disease, which affects many people, is otherwise called colon disease. This disease is related to the inflammation of the mucosa in the large intestine.
The first symptoms in those affected by colitis
Colitis is characterized by mild pain that then becomes severe, involving the entire colon. It may be accompanied by abdominal distension or difficulty in passing out. The patient may have a headache or confusion in the head, may also have a slight temperature. In cases where the disease has progressed, i.e. when it damages the colon mucosa a lot, there may be more mucus and often blood in the stool.
Causes of colitis occurrence / What is the main cause of colitis?
This acute or chronic inflammatory disease in the large intestine can be provoked by exogenous poisoning (spoilt food substances, which damage the intestines, exogenous poisoning, uremia, diabetes, uric atritis), bacterial infections, viruses and parasites or the alternation of both for the loss of balance can also be of an allergic nature (food reaction, bacterial poison) or of a chronic inflammation nature (ulcerative colitis).
Other causes of the appearance of this disease are ruminant dyspepsia (when carbohydrates, and especially starch, are not digested well and reach the lower part of the small intestine and the cecum without being digested, where they are subjected to rodent rules outside the rules of digestion) and the skeptic one (food passes undigested in the small and large intestine), stomach diseases or pathogenic microbes, a poor diet, the use of raw natural foods due to poor digestion.
Another cause is, the use of some hemorrhoid medications. This happens when the patient with hemorrhoids does the therapy himself, taking iodides, various arsenics or other medicines with which there is only a temporary improvement.
Measures to be taken by the patient
The patient must undergo a rigorous diet, not too strict and limited, but such as to provide him with all the necessary nutrients, vitamins and salts. For the sick, it would be recommended to use mainly liquid foods, vegetable soups using olive oil. Dry foods are categorically prohibited. The food for each meal should be in small amounts so that it is easily digested and not pushed into the large intestine after digestion of each meal, as it damages it. Foods should be boiled or well baked and especially chewed as well as possible. Limit alcoholic drinks, coffee, fresh bread, natural and strong plant products, salty.
Do not use spicy foods
In cases where the patient feels pain, buscopan, nospa spazmaforma is used. When the patient has problems with the digestive system, then food solvents such as mezynforte should be used, in order for the food to go to the intestine ready. The treatment of this disease depends on its extent and importance. Distal colitis, which is one of the types of this colitis is treated with mesalin ointment and corticosteroids, while somewhat severe colitis involving the sigmoid colon is treated with mesalin, sulfalazine and oral corticosteroids. Severe colitis is treated with intravenous corticosteroids, cyclosporine, or surgery. Antibiotics are given in fulminant colitis.
Consequences and complications
Toxic megacolon, peritonitis. In this case, we may have an increased risk of colon cancer. To prevent this risk, a colectomy must be performed. Another consequence may be the appearance of kidney stones. To prevent this, the amount of calcium in the diet should be increased; calcium reacts with oxalic acid in the intestine and prevents its absorption.
From time to time it gets irritated, turning into acute colitis, with fever, severe pain in the large intestine, diarrhea and more mucus in the feces. Chronic ulcerative colitis is more severe than other types, because it damages the mucosa in the intestine. thick, expanding it and in this way the inflammation spreads. The symptoms are similar to ordinary colitis, but with the difference that there is more mucus and often pus and blood in the stool. The patient feels pain in the area of the large intestine that is damaged. This disease has its exacerbation stages and takes the form of dysentery. The patient may become very weak and various complications may appear.
It is an idiopathic autoimmune disease of the colon. This disease always affects the rectum, but it can also extend further. If only the rectum is affected, in this case, we are dealing with ulcerative proctitis, a benign disease.
The signs and symptoms of this type of colitis are: bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, colic, toxic megacolon, peritonitis.
Diagnosis: Colonoscopy and biopsy
Colonoscopy shows ulcerated areas that always involve the rectum, the mucosa looks fragile and bleeds easily. Biopsies show numerous crypt and polymorphonuclear abscesses; only the mucosa and submucosa are affected, not the entire thickness of the intestinal wall.