His name is Hasan Ahmed Abd Er-Rahman El-Bana. He was born in 1906. He was the first child in a family that had a total of 4 sons and 3 daughters.
Imam Hassan Al-Banna, may God have mercy on him, came from a poor family, so much so that it is said that his mother was forced to sell the few ornaments she had to help with his education. His father was a watchmaker, but at the same time he was also one of the famous scholars of that time, especially in the field of hadith.
From a young age he started to take care of the family by helping his father with the housework, educating his brothers and sisters, he also helped his father with fixing the clocks.
Hassan Al-Banna understood the issue of calling to the path of Allah, especially calling to good and forbidding from evil, so even as a primary school student he started writing in one of the magazines of that time. He was also involved in the compilation of letters which he sent to people who were in positions at that time and whose content contained reprimands and advice to turn away from sins and return to religion.
In his book, “Memories from the call and the callers“, Hassan El-Banna describes the purpose of this magazine where he participated as a primary school student and that very soon he manages to carry the leadership of this magazine on his shoulders, among others he says: The purpose of this was to improve the behavior of the students there and they had imposed taxes for any act that was contrary to the school’s code of conduct.
These taxes were different depending on the work, while for the members of the presidency and the leader of the magazine, these taxes were doubled. And if someone didn’t pay, then the society distanced itself from him until the payment was made. The money collected from these taxes was spent on charitable needs. Also, at a young age, he began to visit cafes, markets, stations, various gatherings that were held at that time and were frequented by people, he used these visits to call people to the path of Allah and to stop them from evil.
Hassan Al-Banna, memorized the Qur’an from a young age, was known for his punctuality in prayer, his continuity in night prayer and fasting on Mondays and Thursdays. He had finished high school with very high results, despite financial difficulties and commitments around housework, he was ranked fifth at the state level. He enrolled in the faculty in 1923 to finish it in 1927 and was the first at the state level. He was so fond of literature that it is said that in the state exam when he was asked what poetry he knew by heart, he gestured from a pile of notebooks he had with him. Learning at least 100 verses was required, while it is said that Hassan El-Banna at that time knew more than 10,000 verses.
He traveled a lot in the different countries of Egypt dealing with the issue of teaching and educating the younger generations until he settled in Ismaili where he founded the first cells of the movement “Muslim Brothers” in 1928. The purpose of this movement was to recognize , the right teaching and practice of Islam as well as the understanding of Islam as faith and worship, homeland and citizenship, forgiveness and strength, morality and virtue, education and law. Later in Ismailije, he also built a mosque, a center for members of the movement, and also built a center for women’s education.
The persecutions against him had started early, he was imprisoned for the first time in 1941 only because during his speech he had offended the then English system and their politics during the second world war. In the same year, he was forcibly expelled from Cairo and transferred to Kuna.
He has been talked about so much that he has been called the “Reviver of Islam in the century. XX”, Seyjid Qutbi to say: The greatest reality about Hasan Al-Bannas is his self-building and self-formation worthy of him, especially his intelligence. While En-Nedevij says: He was a personality that surprised Egypt and the whole world.
He was once asked about himself, and the questioner on this occasion begged him to describe himself so that people would know him, and he replied: I am a traveler set in search of truth, a man who seeks signs orienting towards human values among people, a citizen who sings to his country about nobility, freedom, stability and a good life under the shadow of a pure Islam. I am a realist who has understood the secret of existence by appealing to the fact that truly my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are for God alone, Who has no partner, I am obliged to this and I am first Muslim This is me, but who are you?
A delegate from England was sent to Hassan El-Banna to allegedly offer him material aid in the amount of 10,000 Junays. Imam Hassan Al-Banna, may God have mercy on him, had started to smile and told him: You are in a state of war, so you need this money more than ever. While when he was asked by his collaborators about the reason for not accepting when he had the opportunity to use their money to oppose the English himself, Hassan El-Banna answered: The hand that is stretched out cannot strike, the hand submitted to alms has no strength to oppose anyone. We will fight with our possessions and souls and not with the possessions and souls of others.
The Muslim Brotherhood movement had managed to turn itself into a ghost for the government of that time and to create fear in their core until they were forced to extinguish the movement at all costs by imprisoning hundreds of its members and also planned the murder of Hasan Al-Banna, may Allah have mercy on him.
Hassan Al-Banna was killed while leaving the center of the “Muslim Youth Association”. At the time of the assassination, he was accompanied by the president of this association. It was the night of Saturday, February 12, 1949. The assassins were leaders of the High Department for Serious Crimes at the Ministry of Internal Affairs. He died two hours after the assassination as a result of bleeding after an order had been given in all hospitals that no one should deal with his treatment. He was buried under the large presence of tanks and soldiers, a guard was assigned to his grave because they feared him even after his death. In the neighborhood that night, the electricity was also stopped, while the family was forced to bury him at 9 o’clock in the morning, not allowing the funeral to be accompanied by anyone, and the funeral ceremonies were also prohibited.
Among his most distinguished students are: Dr. Yusuf El-Kardavi, Muhammad El-Ghazali (young), Dr. Mustafa Es-Sibai, Muhammad Muteveli Esh-Sharavi, Abd El-Kadir Audeh, etc.
* Translated from the book “From the Colossians of this religion”, Mr. Artan Musliu, published in 2016/ Pristina.